Every knitter needs to know the importance of the types of yarn he/she uses when making a garment. A person might want to use some form of a lighter yarn while others might want to use a thicker or bulkier yarn to make a garment.
Also, in some cases, fibers are mixed with different synthetic or natural fibers which range from 20% to 80% mixture. Moreover, some yarns are also listed as Eco-Friendly Yarns. For knitters who want to know more about types of yarn, such as, blends, synthetic or natural fibers take look at the list below.
For a softer fabric blend try different fibers together, such as synthetics fibers or natural fibers. However, make sure the yarn that is used maintains at least 80% wool and 20% synthetics.
There are 5 types of synthetic fibers that appear in yarn they are polyester, nylon, acrylic, rayon and viscose. However, acrylic yarn that is 100% is mostly used and is an inexpensive yarn to use.
Cotton- Made from cotton plants, many types of cotton yarn are treated with chemicals to make them more durable, mildew resistant, and able to accept dyes better.
Wool- Many different kinds of wool exist and are spun into yarns with different weights and textures. Wool accepts color very well and is very warm. Merino wool yarn is a popular choice to make garments.
Cashmere- Cashmere, from the soft undercoats of cashmere goats, is a more expensive yarn which is especially smooth while still retaining warmth.
Alpaca/Llama- South American llamas or alpacas produce very soft warm yarn. Llama wool yarn is less soft and bulkier. Alpaca and llama wool is non-allergenic since it does not have the lanolin found in lamb’s wool. This yarn does not accept color as well as wool.
Mohair- Mohair is a thick yarn from the Angora goat with, an especially fuzzy look.
Angora- Angora is an especially soft rabbit fur yarn which has a fuzzy appearance.
Linen- Linen yarn is made from the flax plant and is a lightweight yarn perfect for summer garments.
Silk- Silk comes from silkworm larvae and is very smooth and light. Since silk does not have much stretch, silk is generally combined with other fibers for yarn, often cashmere for a truly luxurious yarn.
Organic Cotton- Cotton created without synthetic fertilizer or pesticides and when made into yarn, without chemical dyes.
Bamboo- Bamboo yarn has the feel of silk and is very strong. Bamboo is a renewable resource because it can be harvested without killing the plant, which then regenerates the removed bamboo in a couple of months.
Hemp- Hemp is another renewable resource which can be grown without pesticides or herbicides and is the strongest natural fiber. Hemp yarn garments are softer with each machine washing and can be treated for softness as yarn.